In the early part of the twentieth century there was also some intellectual interest in Buddhism in America. Thinkers like the psychologist William James saw in Buddhism a fount of ancient wisdom that anticipated and went beyond many of their own modern discoveries. Thus in the West, Buddhism had a close connection with psychology from the beginning. Psychology itself was struggling to present itself as scientific for much the same reasons as Theravada Buddhism had done. To be “scientific” is a doorway to status in the West.